Emilia wishes to create a basic solution with 7% hydroxide (OH) ions. She has three solutions of different bases available: 10% rubidium hydroxide (Rb(OH)), 8% cesium hydroxide (Cs(OH)), and 5% francium hydroxide (Fr(OH)). (The Rb(OH) solution has both 10% Rb ions and 10% OH ions, and similar for the other solutions.) Since francium is highly radioactive, its concentration in the final solution should not exceed 2%. What is the highest possible concentration of rubidium in her solution?

Source: HMMT 2017, November Round

Happy problem solving!

Email your solutions to [email protected]

About the author